Four-time European champions Ajax missed out on a place in the Champions League group stage after losing 4-1 to Rostov.
Russian side Rostov won 5-2 on aggregate to reach the group stage for the first time in their history as it is now the second consecutive season that Ajax have failed to reach the group stage – they were knocked out by Rapid Vienna a year ago.
Pep Guardiola’s Manchester City took a 1-0 win over Steau Bucharest at the Etihad with troubled Joe Hart in goal.
Borussia Monchengladbach beat Young Boys Bern 6-1 for a 9-2 aggregate win.
Thorgan Hazard, brother of Chelsea forward Eden, and Raffael both scored hat-tricks for the German side against the Swiss team.
The draw for the group stage of the Champions League takes place on Thursday at 5pm, Nigerian time.
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE PLAY-OFF RESULTS
Rostov 4-1 Ajax (Agg 5-2)
Man City 1-0 Steaua Bucharest (Agg 6-0)
Apoel Nicoia 1-0 FC Copenhagen (Agg 1-2)
Borussia Monchengladbach 6 -1 BSC Young Boys (Agg 9-2)
FC RB Salzburg 1-2 Dinamo Zagreb (Agg 2-3)AET